रविवार, 19 अप्रैल 2020

किशोरों के लिए कहानी संग्रह 'यस सर! नो सर' के कन्नड़ अनुवाद की समीक्षा

यस सर ! नो सर !(किशोरों के लिए कहानी संग्रह)  के कन्नड़ अनुवाद की समीक्षा
समीक्षक : आनन्द पाटिल
Yes Sir, No Sir
A story collection in Hindi, by a noted writer Dr. nagesh pandey ‘Sanjay’ is now in kannada. It has been brought into Kannada  by  D. Sujaladevi, an enthusiastic writer, being head of a school(she herself runs the school)she is with children most of the time, takes lot of interest in children’s literature. This is her first translation, got published.
Dr. nagesh Pandey is a wellknown name in Hindi belt. Along with a creative writer, he is scholar in chidlren’s literature. He has done Ph. D on principles that guide the genor of children’s literature. An essay collection on different aspects of chidlren’s literature has also been at his credit. He has brought seven story collections and two poetry works. He has edited three collections of stories also. Such an active person is being introduced into kannada with a bundle of his stories.
    As for as translation is considered, sujaladevi has rendered sincere work and brought in a easy flowing, with all weightyness, with required disposition and involvement. The stories are made to reach the kannada children, retaining the cultural background of Uttarpradesh, which the original writer hails from.  As such a new rendering of stories for children, in some aspects definitely has been to view here. So to say an encouraging effort has been here by Sujaladevi.
    All these stories show a trend of getting relieved of old stuff of imaginative folk world and more and more getting  revolved around the present situations of chidren. In all the stories voices of children are heard prominently and all the plots go around the child psychology, that too evolved at the background of  cultural set up. Of cource middle class atmosphere is predominantly seen here. Situations get plotted with rural and semi urban areas. Children with poor economic background, or with less resources are usually visualized. It seems the usual trend in modern children stories in India, as along with English, most of the regional languages carry such a stuff , might it be the begining face in children literature towards with modern concepts. As such the writers with middle class background, as they predominate, naturally  bring fourth the stuff of their experience, of cource with  all modern days’ progressive thoughts.  Nagesh Pandey’s stories are to be placed inveriably among this kind.
    Usually a sort of Satvika Bhava, an atmosphere of virtuous conduct prevails in all the stories. It does not go in any situation, so to say to fall in the  track of preaching. Children go with all distracts, bad influences, undesired ways, but they themselves come to  repentance, or realising  of the right conducts. They will be put into ambiguity in a number of situations, and fell prey to false attractions, but one or the other situation brings a turn in their life and set them into progress. This is inverialbly found in all his stories, not a single story ends in dismay. Of cource as these children come from almost middle class background, or little less to it, never experience hard truths of life, that are found in downtrodden, cast based, discriminative social situations. In Kannada such situations were brought to children stories by Dr. R. V. Bhandari , in his two novels. Both the novels chose protagonist characters from scheduled casts and brought out all the traumas they face, to make up their ways of life, but to be arriving at an contended end was sort at. Being a teacher by profession, he use to say it should be in children stories as a positive motivation. It is to be informed here that he use to be in the front line of rebelling  leftist movements, and he himself came from such social condition. But this is not the situation with upcoming new writers like Ganesh Nador in Kannada, who are earnestly desiring to bring prevailing truths as they are.
    Nagesh’s stories are marked with simple narrative in all naturalistic way, bringing the situation in a very usual manner, as to be one among our daytoday happenings. His narration always goes with some sort of conversation with the readers, connecting them with the plot as if it is one in their surroundings. Almost every time he stands with elderly eyes and sets his plots before the children. We may say it is an extension of story telling tradition with new requirements, with new approaches. We come across a veriety of behaviors put in different situations. A boy with hesitation in all his approaches, lags behind in many ways. Once during holidays hesitantly he goes to village area trying to avoide swimming in the pool. But when he is going riding behind his elder brother he puts to astonish, when his brother , listening to a cry from the midst of waters below a bridge, at once stops the two wheeler and jumps into the water without any second thought and rushes to the rescue of a lady, fallen in the river. The boy experiences this with all awe and wonder, and decides he should also make his mind to do something, to learn swimming, riding and should come over his secured mindedness., and thus returns into a new born boy. In another story a boy, a son of  police, feels short when his classmates talk of corrupt practices of police. He even falls suspicious, observing a situation of his father, receiving some amount from an unknowing person. But to his surprise he comes to realize that his father has not at all involved in any untoward act and is a sinscere person, and feels proud of him. He tells before his mother that he will also become a police like father . Another boy named shamkrishna, who is known for his studiousness, sinscerity, good behavior, once gets  caught  by the examiner while copying. It becomes a big issue whether he should be punished or not. Nobody feels taking risk at it. But at last the headmaster takes bold step and debars him of that year’s exams. A poor boy who is very fond of games, faces every time hinderances from his father and gets reduced mentally, but stops not in his efforts, tries to push himself in whatever possible way, and gets shined as a painter. Father realizes his earnestness  and he himself gets changed and sets his mind for providing all facility whatever possible. A group of poor children once plan to steal fire crackers from a rich house during Deepavali, as they were unable to purchase, and enjoy the festival. But at the time of escaping during night time they hit the watchman with a sizable stone in night dark. But very next day when they hear the news that he is admitted to hospital, they fell in duality and start repenting, by the evening they decide to appolizise.  Neha a girl, every time finds inferior listening to the deeds of her elder sister. But when, during her marriage, she gets astonished to see her sister, boldly resisting the money demanding goonda group, in the form of dowry, and shots at them without hesitation. Then the little mind realizes what really is her sister and tears into sobs as she is departing from her. In all such stories we find a realization is reached at the end a progressive thinking, guided by morality  is channalised.
Anand Patil

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